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Inheritable Type of Down Syndrome

By July 8, 2021January 25th, 2023No Comments2 min read

Inheritable Type of Down Syndrome

Do you know that there is a type of Down Syndrome that can be inherited? By this, I mean passed from the mother to the child. We have three types of Down Syndrome; Trisomy 21, Mosaic, and Translocation.

First, the translocation type of Down syndrome which also happens to be the rarest type can be passed from a parent to their child. This type of Down Syndrome will occur when the extra chromosome or genetic material in chromosome 21 breaks off and attaches itself to a random chromosome for example, number 14.

Sometimes, an individual will have the right number of chromosomes, that is, 46 of them. However, these chromosomes become rearranged such that some chromosomes are not where they are supposed to be.  This type of Down syndrome is called Balanced Translocation.

Individuals with Balanced Translocation do not show any signs of Down Syndrome. However, they will pass the translocation to the children resulting in Down Syndrome. Translocation Down syndrome does not have any symptoms and a blood test is the only way to determine if a child has the condition or not.  If a child is found to have the translocation type, tests are done to determine if it is inherited or not.

Additionally, individuals with a balanced translocation may have difficulties in conceiving, suffer miscarriages as well as increased chances of having children with health problems. Parents may donate the right amount of chromosomes during pregnancy. The downside is there is a risk of donating too much or too little genetic material during pregnancy.

Lastly, this situation is beyond control. It is a probability that depends on the type of rearrangement and the chromosomes involved.

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